About Jatropha Curcas L in
The success of Jatropha in South
Africa will provide a profitable farming opportunity for Farmers and
associated communities within their vicinities. It is envisaged that
smaller farmers and suburban block owners will join in the
cultivation by the establishments of Co-Operatives. Jatropha is also
a natural nitrogen fixer when planted along with other crops in
symbiosis. It has in fact increased food production in third world
countries where non cultivated land has been developed with Jatropha
together with edible crops. This dismisses the widely held view that
Jatropha has or will displace food crops.
Practices that are expected to change
will be the farming of Jatropha together with sheep or other animals
or crops. Animals do not browse Jatropha and sheep or goats will be
especially beneficial in keeping the grass down between the trees.
There are many crops that benefit from being grown and harvested in
symbiosis with Jatropha. A Jatropha Planting Industry will develop
similar to that of Pine Forests and a Harvesting Industry similar to
that of Hay Silage Contractors. The introduction of Jatropha will
thus bring about a great source and opportunity for farmers and Land
Owners in South Africa to supply the economy with raw materials for
the biodiesel industry and in doing so earn an income off the land
that's related to the ever increasing fuel market.
Jatropha is mainly targeted at the
Biofuel industry. Production of Jatropha biodiesel will assist the
government and the country in meeting its directives that require a
minimum level of biofuel as a proportion of fuels sold.
A Jatropha project is thus part of a
larger and long term strategy in that it will lead to the
establishment of Jatropha Farms, an Oil Extraction Industry and the
manufacture of biodiesel & other related products.
1. Adaptation to climate change:
accordance with South Africa and the world’s response to climate
change, the agricultural and forestry sectors are the key areas for
setting goals to guide and advance action on climate change.
Establishing Jatropha plantations in South Africa will fulfill key
performance targets in both forestry and agriculture. A forest sink
that produces an agricultural crop has dual performance benefits
towards adaptation to climate change.
2. Reducing emissions and creating
Emission Reductions: The use of biodiesel produces fewer harmful
emissions compared to that of fossil fuels. This means that it keeps
our air cleaner and reduces our contribution to greenhouse gases
that cause global warming. Jatropha will contribute towards the
reduction of carbon emissions.
Creation of Carbon sinks: Jatropha forests capture and store carbon
in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere
for the full duration of the plants life which is in the region of
40 to 50 years.
3. Capitalizing on business
opportunities arising from climate change.
main business opportunities related to the production of Jatropha
are Seed Production, Harvesting, Oil Extraction, the Manufacture of
Biodiesel and the Sale of Fertilizer and other associated products
such as glycerin.
decided advantage of Jatropha is its ability to thrive on marginal
land. Farmers and landowners in most regions of the North and
tropical East of South Africa will have the opportunity to introduce
a new and profitable crop. This can be done in conjunction with
their existing farming endeavors as Jatropha can be grown at wider
distances apart so as to enable a farmer to retain sheep or other
animals. Farmers will be obliged to draw their labour force from
local and decentralized communities in which their farms are
situated. This will in turn impact on unemployment (and all its
negative effects) within those vicinities.
Government and land management
sectors working together to respond to climate change.
There are large tracts of under utilised land in possession of
government and the private sector that can be used to establish
Jatropha plantations. Unemployed people or even low offending
prisoners could be enlisted to assist in clearing and establishing
plantations. Land grants from Government and other land management
sectors could be issued for certain duration to foster and encourage
private enterprise to develop and profit from Jatropha in a joint
effort to respond to climate change.
is also envisaged that vast land on the African Continent will play an
important role. Representation from Africa Empowerment Groups is
being solicited to embrace the opportunity as a strategic source of
empowerment. By this it is meant that land can be used to advance
people from Africa and their business initiatives. Youth education
and training programs providing expertise on Jatropha and related
enterprise will lead to an effective use of undeveloped land
resulting in productive and rewarding commercial possibilities.
African people will benefit from the associated commercial development
and thus be seen at the forefront of climate change.
We are consulting
for African countries who are developing Jatropha plantations as a
source of African
commercial augmentation. A further means of communication is being sought to
approach these farmers collectively in support of collective
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